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Tag Archives: Morality

The Moral Argument

  1. If God does not exist, then objective moral values and duties do not exist.

  2. Objective values and duties do exist.

  3. Therefore, God exists.

 Contemporary form of this argument was formulated by William Lane Craig.

 
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Posted by on December 1, 2011 in Ethics, Reasonable Faith

 

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The week deal


“No culture in history has ever embraced moral relativism and survived. Our own culture, therefore, will either (1) be the first, and disprove history’s clearest lesson, or (2) persist in its relativism and die, or (3) repent of its relativism and live. There is no other option.”

Peter Kreeft


 

Isaiah 5:20; Mark 7:20-23; Rom. 13:8-10

 
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Posted by on October 11, 2011 in The week deal

 

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Abort abortions?

(or) The underlying issue of the “pro-choice” movement.

These concerns (for orphan children in India and elsewhere in the world) are very good, but often these same people are not concerned with the millions that are killed by the deliberate decision of their own mothers. And this is what is the greatest destroyer of peace today, Abortion…For the pregnant women who don’t want their children, give them to me.”

Mother Teresa of Calcutta

Outwardly endless and stationary controversy around the abortion question accompanies us ever since we discovered we are able to perform this operation. Many arguments were invented that were supposed to resolve this conflict once and for all; nonetheless even today none of them achieved what it has aimed for. Was this effort then worthless? In this paper I will unravel several of the usual arguments that came up over time, and while still pointing out the rational issues of the pro-choice movement my primary goal is to implicitly expose their driving motives that step by step became more and more evident.

Only about 40 years ago a concept of abortion was spotted among general public and started to march its way on the top of currently discussed topics, being the second most common surgical procedure in the U.S. Even though abortion was in some form always present it was never so common and widespread as it is today; besides when it appeared it was mainly considered being a crime, for it was inconceivable to willfully kill one’s own child. However there were cultures such as Greeks and their notable Spartans who favored election of their little ones, according to their predispositions to be strong men and warriors. If they did not fit the required parameters they were doomed to a place called “Apothetae” by elders of the society where they were abandoned and left to die. The basic idea behind it was suggesting that it was better both for the child and the society not to proceed in upbringing of a child which is right from the start poor in health and strength.[1]

Definition of abortion

Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary clearly speaks about abortion like this: Abortion is “the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus”. What I found interesting was that right after this first wording a second, quite short and expressive version was offered – “Monstrosity”.

Likewise the dictionary further indicates there are two essential variants for abortion:

  1. Spontaneous abortion(unintended)
    1. Fertilized egg never settles in the uterus, but simply goes through mother’s body in her monthly period.
    2. Fetus that is not yet viable is expelled from the body. This is also called Miscarriage. It occurs prevalently before the end of first trimester (13 weeks) and it is considered to be purely accidental (as opposed to –“induced”).
     
  2. Induced abortion is intended termination of pregnancy executed by one of the at present known specialized methods for aborting a fetus such as D&C, Suction, Saline injection, Hysterotomy, Prostaglandin, D&E or a Partial birth abortion(their detailed definition goes beyond scope of this paper). Generally three conditions under which induced abortion is performed are recognized.
    1. Therapeutic– Mothers life is endangered due medical difficulties. Consequently the fetus is aborted for the purpose of saving mother’s life.
    2. Eugenic – Fetus has a risk of physical or mental handicap (e.g. Down’s syndrome) which would severely influence his own quality of life and would bring a heavy strain on the other members of family as well.
    3. Elective – No inward hazard is present (mother & fetus are both healthy and no significant pregnancy problems arise); yet external decision determines whether abortion will come to pass or not based on convenience of a current situation (e.g. economic situation, age of parents, regulation of family size, mistiming…)[2].

The Beginnings

It all started by discovering the human ovum in 1820. In the same time solid laws regarding abortion were adopted. This means that only cases that met serious requirements were admitted to have an abortion. In 1973, by feminists exalted, case Roe v. Wade have secured abortion on demand for Supreme Court in US have given a green light to this new convenience of 20th century. Prior to this case only several states in America had reduced their requirements for abortion in order to make them more accessible for people, however this event had set about a wave of concessions that resulted in at the moment executing of 42 million of legitimate abortions worldwide every year. Interestingly, only 17% of all abortions now take place in developed countries, the rest is done in developing countries such as India or China[3]. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on September 1, 2011 in Ethics, Podcast

 

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Ethical Emotional Equilibrium? (review)

Truth without enthusiasm, morality without emotion, ritual without soul, are things Christ unsparingly condemned. Destitute of fire, they are nothing more than a godless philosophy, an ethical system, and a superstition.– Samuel Chadwick

Until now there were numerous attempts to provide reliable and proper moral orientation within one complete ethical system. Movie makers from Hollywood came up with one more. In this review I will start with brief introduction of the plot in the movie. Then I will acquaint you with some general definitions and conceptions connected to emotions. Further on I will try to offer a taste of a world in which ethics work without feelings and thereafter I will lead you through a deeper analysis in which I aim to show, why there is no conceivable ethical system or environment without emotions. At last, the Biblical perspective on this question will be put forth in a condensed manner.

John PrestonThe Plot

            The story takes place in the apocalyptic period after third world war in which people traced emotions to be the prime source of all evil. All the jealousy, rage and hatred are the very root of every activity that leads to murder and at last war. On that account a “cure” for this “disease” was invented called Prozium, which eliminates any emotion. To secure a widespread use of this drug a special force is trained that persecutes anyone who violates the law by not using it and thereby is feeling. 

        What I would like to focus on in this review are the moral issues that come forth in case we completely remove emotions out of the picture. Read the rest of this entry »
 
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Posted by on June 27, 2011 in Ethics

 

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The only, true, absolute, and objective morality…

A man without ethics is a wild beast loosed upon this world. 
                                                -Albert Camus 

              One of the first serious references about the topic of Ethics goes back to 4 century B.C. to a now well known scholar named Plato. Since then numerous figures have put down a variety of ideas on this unsettled field of study. Despite previous long-lasting continual efforts only recent development succeeded to some degree in clearing away Christian values. But what are the consequences of driving out God from the world of morality? Can we sense them already in the latest “progress”?

In this essay I will define basic concepts of ethics and its elementary branches and I will also delimit area in which we are actually able to speak about moral decisions. In the end I briefly present foundation for Christian Ethics as well as a couple of reasons for more detailed exploring of this subject by Christians today.


Defining Ethics 

              
            Various books that deal with a matter of “ethics” or “morality” in their definition would suggest using these notions synonymously or interchangeably in modern society, while recognizing their distinguishing factor. Both cover field of study that addresses issues of good and evil, out of which we try to derive set of beliefs or even rules concerning the question of what is demanded and prohibited. In other words ethics examine judgments of moral (as opposed to non-moral) values and duties. Whereas the final interpretation may differ the variance of these two words lies in their Greek origin[1]. We can often find “ethics” defined by more complex schemes such as branch of philosophy, source of moral norms, set of standards, or even prescription for working moral system. Simpler more specific patterns that ought to be or are implemented are generally accepted under concept of “morality”.   
 
Good or Right?

          Right in the start we need to face the foremost major issue in form of two principal ways for understanding things which hold value of morality. Entity is either “good” (in sense of worthy or profitable) or “right” (in sense of an objectively or subjectively ordained value). Read the rest of this entry »
 
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Posted by on May 30, 2011 in Ethics

 

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Does Good come from God?

This was the title of a debate that took place on April 7, 2011 in the University of Notre Dame, Indiana between William Lane Craig and Samuel Harris.

By now we have already devoted some time to professor Craig in the section – Video of the week, but to have it all together William Lane Craig is a Research Professor of Philosophy at Talbot School of Theology, Biola University in La Mirada, California. He studied at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School (M.A), The University of Birmingham (Ph.D.) and finished at the University of Munich as Doctor of Theology in 1984 since then he has authored or edited over 30 books. He is an Evangelical Christian apologist, theologian and philosopher as well as a contemporary proponent of natural theology, often participating in debates on the existence of God.
Mr. Samuel Harris is a Co-Founder and CEO of Project Reason, a nonprofit foundation devoted to spreading scientific knowledge and secular values in society. He received B.A. in philosophy from Stanford University and a Ph.D. in neuroscience from UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles). Mr. Harris’s writing has been published in over 15 languages. He and his work have been discussed in TIME, The New York Times, Scientific American, Nature, and many other journals. He is a well-known contemporary critic of religion, along with evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins. Being a member of the New Atheism movement, Harris also calls for separation of church and state, civil rights for the non-religious as well as freedom to criticize religion.
Wish you a pleasant experience and plenty of new insights! 🙂
Full Audio recording: Mirror 1 (Apologetics 315)
I will not take time for the evaluation or a review of the debate, for there has been many others who did so already. If you are interested in some of them here you can find reviews of this debate both from atheists and by Christians.
Sources: Debaters own websites (reasonablefaith.org, samharris.org) completed by wikipedia
written by Peter Makovíni 
 
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Posted by on May 2, 2011 in Ethics

 

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